These are books that we have ordered as new, but have arrived defective in some manner. They may show signs of cosmetic damage, shelf-ware, discoloration, or shipping damage. We technically classify these books as "Discounted". The discounted prices assigned to these books are generally commensurate with their defective condition and rarity. Some are like new; while others are not. Please read the discount details at the end of every discounted books description.